Between the Government of India and NSCN on 13the January, 2001
In pursuance of the Cease-fire as originally agreed to on 25th July, 1997 discussions were held between the representatives of the Government of India led by Shri, K. Padmanabhaiah and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland led by Mr. V. S. Atem, to finalise the ground rules and modalities for the implementation of the Cease-fire with a view to ensuring continuance of an effective Cease-fire to pave the way for a peaceful and meaningful political dialogue, The Agreed Ground Rules were finalized on 12th December, 1997.
With a view to make the Cease-fire more effective and to create a proper and conducive atmosphere for a peaceful and meaningful political dialogue, further discussions were held between the representatives of the Government of India led by Shri. M. B. Kaushal and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland led by Mr. V. S. Atem in November, December 2000 and January 2001. Both side noted that the current Cease-fire between the Government of India and the NSCN is valid up to 31.7.2001. It was mutually agreed that the revised text of Agreed Ground Rules for Cease-fire would be as follows:
(a) There would be no offensive operation like ambush, raid and attack leading to death injury/damage or loss of property against the NSCN by the Indian Army, Paramilitary Forces and the Police. The Indian Army and Paramilitary forces would also act in a manner as not to cause harassment/damage or loss of property or injury to the civilian population;
(b) Patrolling by the Indian Army, Paramilitary Forces and the Police would continue to prevent infiltration of militants and arms as hithertofore. However, patrolling within one kilometer of NSCN designated Camps decided after due consultation in the Monitoring Mechanism, will be carried out with intimation to them. It is noted that no such camps are located/will be located in populated areas, and/or near Highways, Indian Army/Paramilitary Forces posts;
(c) Protection of convoys and patrolling of roads would continue to be undertaken by the Indian Army, Paramilitary Forces and the Police.
(d) The Indian Army, Paramilitary Forces and the Police would issue instructions to their formations, not to use masks to cover their faces, during the period of Cease-fire;
(e) The NSCN would not undertake offensive operations like ambush, raid, sniping and attack leading to death/injury/damage or loss of property. The NSCN would also act in a manner as not to cause harassment/damage or loss of property or injury to the civilian population;
(f) The NSCN will notify to the CFMG the list of all their camps. These lists would be placed before the CFMG and, after due consultation, would be declared by the CFMG as designated camps. In the interest of promoting peace process, there would be no parading (either in groups or individually) of NSCN cadres in uniform and/or with arms. For the present, this would cover all populated areas, Public Transport and Highways. (Highways means National Highways, State Highways and roads connecting District Headquarters to State Capital, District Headquarters to District Headquarters and District Headquarters to Sub-Divisional Headquarters). For the movement of NSCN armed cadres from one designated camp to another, the concerned Army/Paramilitary forces post would be given prior intimation. While proceeding through a village, the arms will be concealed. The Modalities of this would be finalized in the CFMG.
Persons from NSCN requiring to move frequently will have photo identity cards, which would be issued in the format mutually agreed upon. These identity cards, not to exceed 60 at present, would be issued by the NSCN and be countersigned by the Chairman, CFMG.
The holders of these identity cards would, for their personal security, be entitled to have one NSCN armed cadre each accompany them at all times. The weapons would be carried in a concealed fashion;
(g) There would be no blockade of roads and communications, disruption of economic or developmental activities as well as essential services by the NSCN;
(h) It is mutually agreed that no safe haven or sanctuary or assistance to any armed group or elements will be provided by anyone. No new Armed Forces Post would be set up within two km. of a designated camp;
(i) On the Government of India side, a concern was expressed that forcible collection of money or essential supplies and intimidation of individuals including government officials were taking place in the State. The NSCN representatives stated that theirs being a people’s organization, they did not resort to such activities. However, in view of the convern expressed by the Government of India and in the interest of promoting the peace process, the NSCN representatives agreed that the above activities would be prevented;
(j) It was further agreed that implementation of these ground rules and modalities will be monitored by a group constituted for this purpose comprising of representatives of NSCN, NGO’s and representatives nominated by Government of India. However, it was also agreed that any accidental encounter or violation should not be allowed to jeopardize the peace process and the effect of any such incident should be localized through mutual consultations. All cases of violation of these ground rules would be referred to the Monitoring group, so that the reasons for violation are identified and steps to be taken to prevent such violations in future are suggested. Notwithstanding the above, the Army, the Paramilitary Forces and the Police will act in an impartial and unbiased manner against any group causing public disturbances or when there is imminent danger to public safety or peace.
(k) On the Government of India side, a concern was expressed about reports of forced recruitment to armed cadres. The NSCN representatives stated that they have not and do not resort to forced recruitment. However, in the interest of promoting the peace process, it was agreed that if there are any reports of forced recruitment, they should be discussed in the Monitoring Group.
Via: Ceasefire Monitoring Cell