In response to this increasing appreciation of nature experiences, a new travel ethic has arisen which is now called ecotourism. This term has become increasingly popular in both conservation and travel circles. Nagaland has a vast potential for ecotourism development and therefore, the department’s policies and activities are framed in the line of ecotourism.
“Environmentally responsible travel to natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and accompanying cultural features, both past and present) that promote conservation, have a low visitor impact and provide for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local peoples.” (TIES, 1990)
Rural and Village Tourism:
Tourism growth potential can be harnessed as a strategy for Rural Development. The development of a strong platform around the concept of Rural Tourism is definitely useful for a state like Nagaland, where almost 75% of the population live in villages. Across the world the trends of industrialization and development have had an urban centric approach. Alongside, the stresses of urban lifestyles have led to a “counterurbanization” syndrome. This has led to growing interest in the rural areas. At the same time, this trend of urbanization has led to falling income levels, lesser job opportunities in the rural areas leading to an urbanization syndrome in the rural areas. Rural Tourism is one of the few activities which can provide a solution to these problems. Besides, there are other factors which are shifting the trend towards rural tourism like increasing levels of awareness, growing interest in heritage and culture and improved accessibility, and environmental consciousness. In the developed countries, this has resulted in a new style of tourism of visiting village settings to experience and live a relaxed and healthy lifestyle. . The implementation is done through Village Tourism Development Board (VTDB).
Identification of villages is based on the merits of tourism point of view where villages are identified for taking up of rural tourism projects after a thorough survey and inspection by the Deptt. Of Tourism.
Community Based Tourism
Community-based tourism development is receiving increased attention from a variety of sectors for those in government and non-governmental organizations who have long been working with communities on wildlife and natural resource management, tourism enterprises are seen as one form of sustainable utilization with potential to bring economic, as well as social, benefits to the communities. For those in government and the private sector working to develop the tourism product, development in community areas and involvement of local people is one essential element though until now relatively unexplored. The development of tourism in community areas and the involvement of local people in tourism can promote several important objectives. These include faster economic growth in the regions, improved welfare and equity, empowerment of local people, improved resource conservation by local people, and finally, diversification of the Nagaland tourism product, particularly in “eco-tourism” market.
Adventure travel is a type of tourism involving exploration or travel to remote, exotic and possibly hostile areas, where the traveler should “expect the unexpected”. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity as tourists seek different kinds of vacations. Adventure “ may be any tourist activity including two of the following three components: a physical activity, a cultural exchange or interaction, and engagement with nature.
Adventure tourism gains much of its excitement by allowing its participants to step outside of their comfort zone. This may be from experiencing culture shock, or through the performance of acts that require significant effort and involve some degree of risk (real or perceived) and/or physical danger. This may include activities such as mountaineering, trekking, gliding, mountain biking, rafting and rock climbing.