The State Government with a view to have de-centralization of Planning process at the grass-root level, a programme under the nomenclature, “District Plan” was introduced in 1993-04. The name of the programme is now changed to Local Area Development Programme from the Annual Plan 2004-05.
The approved outlay for the 10th Plan is Rs. 150.00 crore and the actual expenditure in the first four years of the 10th Plan is Rs. 126 crore. The constituency-wise allocation has been enhanced from Rs. 50.00 lakhs to Rs. 60.00 lakhs from the Annual Plan, 2005-06. The allocation during 2006-07 is Rs. 36.00 crore.
1. CONCEPT AND OBJECTIVE:
The broad objective of Local Area Development Programme is to translate the National Policy of Decentralization of Planning Process into a reality by giving a focused attention to the development of critical areas through Spatial Planning Approach by making all Assembly Constituencies of the State as the “Units of Planning”.
- To bridge the developmental gaps in various sectors, particularly in the pockets which are relatively less developed with a view to remedy the economic development disparities.
- Decentralized Planning, selection and execution of schemes and programme by actively involving the people at the grass-roots.
- Mass participation of the people in development works under the guidance of the District/Sub-divisional Planning and Development Board and Local Self Governments such as the Village Councils and the Town/Municipal Councils.
- Speedy need based development without involving middlemen/contractors.
- To facilitate creation of Durable Community Assets.
- To facilitate as margin money against Banking Institutional Loans for income and employment generation projects.
District/Sub-Divisional Planning and Development Boards shall be constituted in all Districts/Independent Sub-Divisions headed by ADC consisting of MLAs, all District Heads of Departments with a Chairman to be appointed by the Government and Deputy Commissioner as Vice Chairman and Chief District Planning and Development Officer DPDB and Additional Deputy Commissioner as Vice Chairman in SDPDB. The District Planning Officer and Assistant Planning Officer shall be Member Secretary. The Government may also appoint advisors as deemed necessary from time to time.
The District & Sub-Divisional Planning and Development Boards shall be the Nodal Agencies to scrutinize the schemes submitted to the DPDB/SDPDB, to ensure strict conformity to the LADP Guidelines, co-ordinate, supervise and oversee the proper implementation of LADP projects and schemes.
Technically qualified personals drawn from CAWD/Blocks/DRDAs and from the concerned Departments in the District/Sub-Division shall be entrusted with the preparation of Technical Estimates. These technically qualified personals shall also render technical and expert guidance during the various stages of implementation of projects.
The Plan prepared by the DPDB/SDPDBs shall be submitted to the State Planning Board for examination and clearance.
The DPDB/SDPDBs shall constitute committee/committees consisting members selected from amongst the members of DPDB/SDPDB to verify and certify completion of projects and schemes executed under LADP. In each Committee, technically qualified members shall also be included.
The District Planning and Development Board shall formulate a District/Sub-divisional Plan by integrating the schemes received from the various units of Planning and Departments.
1. Since the basic objective of LADP is to create durable community assets, the DPDB/SDPDBs shall impose restriction/ceiling on the quantum of funds that can be utilized on 4 (four) broad categories of schemes as listed below:
A. Individual Base Schemes: Individual based schemes shall be restricted to only 20 % of the total constituency wise outlay. the specifications and scale of funding of all such schemes i.e. within 20 % ceiling limit may be modeled on the lines followed by R.D. Department for implementation of various schemes such as Grant-in-Aid and SGSY. Forestry or aforestation programme shall henceforth not be taken up as such programmes are implemented by several Departments and Agencies in the State.
B. Community Project: A minimum of 35 % of the constituency wise allocation shall be mandatorily utilized for implementation of Major Community Projects and such projects should be completed within a maximum period of 2 (Two) years. Schemes which can be taken up under this category are as follows (Indicative only):
- Construction of Primary Health Centers in uncovered areas.
- Community/Area Rest House in the District and Sub-Divisional Headquarters.
- M.E. School Buildings.
- Mini Cold Storages in areas having abundant Horticulture produce.
- Diesel operated Printing Press.
- Area Youth Hostels for students from remote areas studying in Urban Centers.
- Black Topping of Village Approach Roads.
C. Augmentation and Employment Promotion Projects: 20 % of the constituency wise allocation shall be used for augmenting the developmental gaps on schemes/projects which are related to income and self employment generation or already initiated by the developmental Departments but could not be completed by the Departments due to paucity of funds can come under this category. Higher emphasis may however be given towards schemes for generation of income and self employment. This amount also may be utilized for undertaking programmes which are aimed at assisting groups of unemployed professionals.
In addition, the following schemes also can be taken up within the category of 20 %:
- Ambulances for Hospitals especially in remotely located Hospitality/Primary Health Centers (Drivers and maintenance funds to be provided by the concerned Departments).
- Mini Buses in areas not adequately covered by N.S.T. Bus services.
- Diesel operated Rice Husking Machines.
- Sponsoring and funding of Area Sports and Cultural Meets, Science Exibition.
- Seeds and Fertilizer procurement.
- Consultancy service by educated professionals who are employed.
- Grocery Shops.
- Opening of Cyber Cafes, Computer Training Centers, PCOs and Photo Copier facilities.
- Tailoring, Design Units, Beauty Parlor and Barber Shops.
- Capacity Building.
- Ring wells/Pukries in water scarcity areas.
- Repair and renovation of educational and Medical Institutions.
D. Common Pool Schemes: 25 % of the constituency wise allocation shall form a common pool fund in the DPDB/SDPDB and shall be used for formulating schemes to cover the interest of the underprivileged sections of people and neglected areas.
The Chairman DPDB along with the members of DPDB/SDPDB shall formulate and identify the schemes.
The following schemes can be taken up within the category of Common Pool Funds:
- Inter District Link Roads/Roads of Economic Importance.
- Rest House/Tourist Lodges.
- Hostels/Holiday Homes.
- Commercial Buildings.
- Playgrounds/Stadiums/Sports Infrastructures.
- Financial assistance to Small and Cottage Industries and Sick Industrial units of Government and Private undertaking.
- Self employment and income generating projects for Government Departments/NGOs/SHG/Societies/ Individuals.
- Financial assistance to Sport events/Tourism attraction related Tribal Festivals/Developmental related Seminars/Health Care Programmes/Natural Calamities.
- Urban Development.
2. DPDB/SDPDB will prepare village profile of every Village by obtaining data through the concerned Departments. The format will be prepared by the Planning Department with the help of the Department of Economic & Statistics, G.I.S. and N.I.C. Network.
3. Heads of development Departments in the Districts shall submit to the DPDB their respective Annual Works Programme/Action Plan for information and reference of the members. This is required with a view to avoid duplication and overlapping of programmes and schemes.
4. A certain percentage of the funds may be reserved for preparation of Project Reports and conduct of Techno-Economic survey for the District/Sub-Division.
5. While local priorities must receive due importance, it should be ensured that the District/Sub-Division Plans are not be a duplication/replication of the schemes of the State level Plans or at the cost of overriding State priorities.
6. The State Planning Board shall ensure that the schemes submitted by the DPDB/SDPDB are in accordance with the LADP guidelines and that there is no overlapping and duplication of schemes implemented by the various Departments.
7. Once the schemes are approved by the SPB, the Chairman/Vice Chairman of the DPDB/SDPDB will issue the work orders.
8. There shall be no supply oriented schemes. However, in cases of construction/building materials, etc are required to be brought from outside, such materials shall be procured directly by the DPDB/SDPDB and no Third Party be employed.
9. No payment shall be released unless the works/schemes/projects are physically verified by the Committee constituted by the DPDB/SDPDB for the purpose.
10. Selection, formulation and implementation of LADP shall be as per the time scheduled specified in the Calendar of Action appended. The various stages for selection, compilation, prepare of Technical Estimate, approval of DPDB/SDPDB, clearance of SPB, issue of expenditure sanction, issue of work order, verification, release of funds, etc will be as per the Calendar of Action.
11. Copies of the DPDB/SDPDB Plans under LADP should be furnished to all the Head of Districts/Sub-divisional Offices by concerned District Planning Officer so as to enable the District Officers to check and avoid duplication and overlapping of schemes.
12. Once all the codal formalities are completed and work orders issued, the DPDB/SDPDB shall be required to submit the Quarterly Progress Report on financial and physical to the Planning Department to facilitate effective monitoring on the progress of implementation of the schemes and projects sanctioned under LADP and for information of the members of the SPB.
13. The DPDB/SDPDB shall display at project site a Sign Board indicating details such as estimated cost, year of sanction of the project, date of completion of the project and name of the agency/individual implementing the project/scheme.
14. No separate funds shall be provided for maintenance of assets created under LADP but maintenance of such assets shall be the responsibility of the Village Authority/Local Bodies.