JUSTICE AND LAW
Department of Justice and Law renders advice to various Departments of the State Government on legal matters, carries out conveyancing work on their behalf, and attends to litigation works of the State Government in Supreme Court, various High Courts and some of the subordinate courts. It is further concerned with the appointment of the Law Officers, namely, Advocate General and Additional Advocate General. This Department administers the Advocates Act, 1961, the Notaries Act, 1952 and the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
This Department promptly attends to advice matters received from various Departments. A typical case involves interpretation of intricate question of law, Opinion of one of the Advocate General is also taken in the matter as and when required. During the period from 1.4.2003 to 31.3.2004, 1211 Criminal and Civil cases were disposed off besides 56 criminal cases were disposed off by Fast Track Courts I & II.
For the purpose of conduct of Government litigation, this Department prepares panels of Advocates based on their experience. Advocates from these panels are engaged to represent the Government in the Courts. On important matters before Supreme Court and High Courts, Advocate General is consulted for legal views/opinions.
During the period 1.4.2003 to 31.3.2004, 222 cases of conveyancing matters received from various Departments were dealt with.
Providing legal aid to the poor and the weaker sections of the society is one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. The Legal Services Authority Act, 1987 provides for Constitution of Legal Services Authorities. These bodies have the responsibility of providing free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society and to organise Lok Adalats. This Act has put Lok Adalats on a statutory footing. The Legal Aid Programme is monitored by the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) which is headed by the Chief Justice of India.
The Advocates Acts, 1961 has consolidated the law relating to practitioners. It also provides for constitution of State Bar Council. State Bar Council mainly admit persons as advocates on their rolls and deal with cases of misconduct against advocates (enclosed the list of Penal of Advocates at Annexure-I).
The profession of notaries is regulated by the Notaries Act, 1952. The Act provides for appointment of notaries by the Central Government and the State Governments, their functions, removal, reciprocal arrangement for recognition of notarial acts done by foreign notaries, etc. This Act prohibits a person from practising as a notary without obtaining a certificate of practice either from the Central Government or the State Governments. This Notaries Act has been amended in December, 1999