The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. It is an employment generation programme, implemented in consonance with the enforcement of the section 4 of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (MGNREGS). The scheme is funded on the basis of 90 between 10 Centre and State.
Objective of the Scheme:
- To provide 100 days of guaranteed employment in a financial year to every household in the rural areas notified by Central Government under section3 (1)of the MGNREGS and whose adult members, by application, are willing to do unskilled manual works.
- To create durable assets in rural areas.
- To strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor.
- Ultimately to enhance the livelihood security of the rural households.
- Under the Programme, wages paid to the unskilled laborers/workers shall not be less than the minimum wage prevalent in the State was Rs.66/- per day, enhanced to Rs.100/- per day per head till December 2010.
Subsequently, the Govt. of India have enhanced wages to Rs 118/- per day per head w.e.f 1st Jnauary, 2011. Men and Women will be paid equal wages under the scheme. A material cost component of projects including the wages of the skilled and semi-skilled workers involved under the scheme shall not exceed 40% of the total project cost.
Phase-I MGNREGA District:
Initially, the Government of India allotted one District for implementation of NREGA in the State. Accordingly, Mon District with it’s backward status was selected as Phase-I MGNREGS District for implementation of the scheme during 2005-2006. However, the actual implementation could start during 2006-07 only.
Phase-II MGNREGA District:
In the subsequent year i.e. 2007-2008, 4 more Districts viz. Kohima, Mokokchung, Wokha and Tuensang were declared as MGNREGS Districts. Thus, a total of 5 districts are covered under MGNREGS, including Mon (Phase-I), from the fiscal 2007-08 onwards.
Phase-III MGNREGA District:
The Government of India, vide their notification have declared all the Districts in the Country to come under MGNREGS District w.e.f 1st April, 2008. Accordingly the programme is being implemented in the remaining Districts as well, viz. Dimapur, Phek, Zunheboto, Longleng, Kiphire and Peren.
All Districts in the State are covered under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) from fiscal 2008-09 onwards. (Vide GOI Notification).
The Central Government will bear the costs on the following:
a. The entire cost of wages of unskilled manual workers.
b. 75% of the cost of material and wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers.
c. Administrative expenses as may be determined by the Central Government.
The State Government will bear the costs on the following items:
a. 25% of the cost of material and wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers.
b. Unemployment allowance.
c. Administrative expenses of the SEGC.
d. State share of funds to be released within 15 days of the release of Central funds.
As per the Schedule I of the Act, the following works are permissible under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS).
a. Water Conservation and water harvesting.
b. Drought proofing, aforestation and tree plantation.
c. Irrigation canals, including micro and minor irrigation works.
d. Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by households belonging to the ST/SC or land of the beneficiaries of land reforms or land of beneficiaries under IAY.
e. Renovation of traditional water bodies, including de-silting of tanks. Land development.
f. Flood control and protection works, including drainage in water logged areas.
g. Rural connectivity to provide all weather access.
h. Any other work that may be notified by Central govt. in consultation with the State Govt.