The Department of Social Welfare is assigned with task of implementing schemes aimed at the upliftment of the vulnerable and the weaker sections including the disabled, the aged and children. Ever since its inception in 1968, the department has been implementing social welfare programmes connected with the promotion and development of various welfare activities especially for:
1) Child Welfare,
2)Welfare of the Aged,
3) Welfare of the Disabled and
4)Tribal Welfare Programmes.
Besides implementing these various State Sector Schemes, the department is also the nodal agency for various schemes and programmes of the Govt. of India under the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Dept. of Women & Child Development ,Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Tribal Affairs and the UNICEF. The Department also acts as the channelizing agency for the National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) for extending loan to deserving disabled persons.
In Nagaland, the well being of the underprivileged and the weaker sections of the society is of outmost priority.The aged, the physically and the mentally challenged, children and the poor and the needy are well looked after. Children in Nagaland are free from all forms of exploitation and abuse; and they are accorded a high standard of health and nutrition and assured support for early childhood development and care, social security leisure and recreation and their views and opinions are respected.The Government consults these section of society on decisions and policies that effect them.
VISION OBJECTIVES :
To achieve this vision, the department will stress on the needs of the children, the disabled, the underprivileged and sensitize the populace to their needs and create awareness of their latent potentiality of the weaker section. The Department will intensify community-based activities like ICDS and impart training to and work with village institutions like VCs, VDBs etc. to improve the implementation and monitoring of programmes. It shall also strive to build for capacity and capability of Volunteer Organisations and NGOs working for the welfare of the weaker section. By working in co-operation and coordination with other departments and agencies, the Department shall continuously endeavor to effectively deliver these services.
Child Welfare Programme:
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme:
There are presently 56 ICDS projects operating in the state covering more than 3.75 lakh beneficiaries under 3035 Anganwadi Centres. These centres provide a package of services such as nutrition, health check up, immunization, non-formal pre-school education and referral services to children up to the age of 0-6 years and to pregnant women and lactating mothers. Anganwadi Worker (AWW) who is assisted by a Helper looks after each Anganwadi Centre. The Anganwadi Worker is the focal point of delivery of services and she is the key functionary in the organizational set-up of the ICDS project. Besides the delivery of the package of services, it is the duty of the AWW to conduct regular health and nutrition education through home visits. To provide suitable accommodation for running of Anganwadi Centres; altogether 1464 Anganwadi Houses have been constructed in ICDS projects. In addition to Anganwadi houses already constructed, 444 more Anganwadi houses are under construction and will be completed during 2007-08.
Supplementary Nutrition Programme:
Under this programme, various supplementary nutrition food items such as biscuits, noodles, soya-based food items are distributed to 3.75 lakh children, pregnant women and lactating mothers in 3035 Anganwadi Centres under 56 ICDS Projects located across the State.
Children in need of care and protection:
Under this scheme grant-in-aid is provided to deserving NGOs for taking care of orphans, destitute and disabled children in the following Children?s Homes and Institutions:- 1) Nagaland Children?s Home Diphupar, 2) Eden Garden Children?s Home Khuzama, 3) Kohima Orphanage & Destitute Home, 4) Douglas Memorial Children?s Home Mokokchung, 5) Deaf & Dumb School Dimapur, 6) Douglas Memorial Children Home Mon, 7) Mothers Hope Dimapur, 8) Wondang-ki Destitute Children Home, Dimapur, 9) Nagaland Council for Child Welfare Kohima, 10) St. Joseph Children Home, Dimapur, 11) Underprevileged Tribal Children Home, Dimapur, 12) Ebenezer Children?s Home, Dimapur, 13) Transformation Resource Centre, Dimapur, 14) Gateway Orphanage, Longkhim.
Prevention and control of juvenile social maladjustment:-
Under this scheme, which is jointly funded by the Central and State Govt on 50:50 basis, the department maintains one Special Home & Observation Home at Pherima where training, education and rehabilitation services are provided to juvenile delinquents. Over the years the Homes have been able to reform altogether 182 juvenile delinquents out of which several of them are now gainfully employed both in the Govt. and private sectors.
Welfare of the Aged Programme:
Under this programme state sector old age pension is provided to the needy persons attaining the age of 70 years and above @ of Rs.100/- p.m. Presently there are 11882 beneficiaries under this scheme.
One Old Age Home has been set up at Kohima through an NGO. More Old Age Homes will be set up in the District HQs through suitable NGOs.
Welfare Programme for persons with Disability (PWD)
Physically disabled students from Class A to class VIII are provided with scholarship ranging from Rs.35/- to Rs.50/-
Financial assistance @ Rs.100/- p.m. is provided to needy invalid persons. Altogether 1000 invalid persons are covered under this scheme currently.
At present 196 totally blind persons are being provided with financial assistance @ Rs.1000/- pm.
On the recommendation of the Dept. the NHFDC has sanctioned loan to 499 disabled persons @Rs.50,000/- each for takingup various trades like grocery, vegetable vendor/garden, piggery, poultry, tailoring, handicrafts etc.
Tribal Welfare Programme:
Residential School for Tribal Students:
Under this programme, the construction of 3 Residential schools for tribal students sanctioned by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs at Tuensang, Tizit and Diphupar have been completed. The activities of the 3 residential schools will commence during this academic year where education will be imparted free of cost to needy tribal students from Class-VI to Class-XII.
Composite Horticulture Garden:
A composite horticulture garden which has been sanctioned by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is being set up at Pherima. The main purpose of this garden is to create interest among the public, particularly the youth, on the potential and viability of various horticulture/floriculture and plantation works. It is envisaged that the proposed garden would be a model, whereby interested people would be able to see first-hand for themselves and receive training etc. in this field. This would also enable them to start their own projects/centres for cultivating the common as well as exotic types of flowers/plants etc. in their respective towns and villages. This garden would be set up in such a manner that it will inspire work culture among the youths especially the unfortunate sections of the youth like juvenile delinquents and those who have been afflicted with drugs, HIV/AIDS, alcoholism etc.
This garden will also be a demonstration farm for providing training facilities for field visits by NGOs, Anganwadi trainees and inmates of Children?s Homes and Special/Observation Homes. The garden will also have suitable nursery for supplying saplings/seedlings and guidance to interested parties in general, self help groups in particular. The Anganwadi Workers of 3035 AW Centres located across the State can be encouraged/facilitated to start small gardens in their respective areas.
Tribal Welfare Complex:
A Tribal Welfare Complex at Kohima near the Indira Gandhi Stadium which was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs during 2004-05 is now under construction and is likely to be completed during the year. Further, the construction of 4 more Tribal Welfare Complexes at Zunheboto, Wokha, Mokokchung and Phek have also been approved by the Ministry. These complexes will showcase various tribal artefacts and would also provide facilities for cultural, musical and recreational activities for all section of the society, particularly children and the youth.
Grant under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides funds under Article 275(1) of the Constitution for implementation of various infrastructure programmes for the benefit of the tribal people: –
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP):
National Old Age Pension Scheme: Under this scheme, the department provides a monthly pension @ Rs.200/- p.m. to aged persons of 65 years and above, under which there are presently 28053 beneficiaries.
National Family Benefit Scheme: Under this scheme in the event of the death of the primary breadwinner of family, a lump-sum one-time grant of Rs.10,000/- is given to the family.
The department is the nodal agency for implementation of this centrally sponsored scheme which is funded by the Ministry of Rural Development. A District Level Committee headed by the respective Deputy Commissioners and assisted by the District Welfare Officer along with the other district level officers supervises the following programmes for the benefit of needy people of BPL families.
- Nagaland Khadi & Village Industries Board (nagalandjournal.wordpress.com)